We know now, what was not known then, But was advocated and implemented by Florence Nightingale.
- That typhus is spread by body lice
- That fleas and rates and flies are key vectors of disease.
- That good nutrition is specially important to the sick.
- That dysentery, diarrhea and fever can often be caused by improperly prepared food.
- That a wound not cleaned and debrided of nectrotic tissue every day will develop gangrene
- That Vit C is essential to the formation of scar tissue.
- That morale has an important bearing on the human immune system.
- That a therapeutic environment is congenial to recovery (which she established in the Barrack hospitals) –
- Good ventilation in the wards
- Hygienic measures and a must and basic to prevent infection and to promote recovery.
- Fresh air
- Clean laundry (set up a laundry)
- Regular change of patients personal clothing
- Cleanliness of the skin
- Use of separate sponge cloths for each patients
- Therapeutic diet (set up a special kitchen) was particularly regarding the serving of cooking, soft diet which was easily digestible.
- Spacing between beds.
- Proving of privacy – provided screens specially during procedures.
- Practice advocacy and protective the soldiers rights.
- Made provision for recreation
- Conducted educational programmes
- Initiated a Remittance Scheme (wherein soldiers could send part of their savings home to the families)
- Practiced holistic- transpersonal caring.
The care and attention given by her, also her night rounds, raised the general morale and also helped to identify and detect diseases in their early stage.
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